Basic Ingredients of The Mind - You Need to Know

By : Dr. Buddhadeb Ghosh | : 09 October, 2020
Basic Ingredients of The Mind - You Need to Know

Basic Ingredients of The Mind - You Need to Know

You need to know the basic ingredients of mind, Sattva raja Tama, and their relationship with earth (soil), water, ether, air, space (sky), and fire (light).


Why the mind does not always stay in a uniform state?

The extremely intelligent people of the world of all ages have the power to control their minds by birth. The normal people do not have this power by birth but many of them really want to know the techniques to control their minds. Mediocre people do not understand the meaning and purpose of mind control. An exceptional human being like Gautam Buddha does not need our suggestions and advice. The conscious people across the world know that our mind is not always found in an unchanging format, it vacillates a lot. Even if you are basically honest, innocent, intelligent and efficient, you have seen throughout your life that the state of mind always changes with time, space and individual. Classical Indian ancient experts and saints have analyzed the three substantive forces that govern our minds. According to Vedanta, these are called Gunas, or interdependent modes or qualities of Prakriti (nature). These are Sattva (pure, truth), Raja (passion, obsession), Tama (darkness, ignorance). This is why they are called Trigunas (three qualities or attributes). These features are also the basic constituents of the entire universe- physical and mental. Sattva is the principle of self-confidence conducive to purity, knowledge and joy. Raja is the principle of motivity leading to activity, desire and restlessness. Tama is the principle of inertia resulting in inaction, dullness and delusion. Tama is responsible for driving the mind to a low level; Raja scatters the mind and makes it restless; Sattva drives the mind to a higher dimension. You can easily verify it from your lifetime associations with various types of people, even people in your relative circle. You will find that majority of people belong to the Raja and Tama group, and only a select few belong to the Sattva group. Most importantly, the conclusions I derived about some people when I was in primary school, have not changed at all after 25 years. These people I have come across never tried to rectify their inborn obsessive disorder through Yoga, Meditation, Pranayama, excursion and hobby.


What is Sattva, Rajas and Tamas?

Sattva, Raja and Tama are very subtle elements and work as the foundations of the mind. These also influence the five senses of the mind, namely sexual desire (pleasure), anger, greed, infatuation and hatred. These are the evils of human mind. Sattva, Raja and Tama can be realized only by our 6th sense. This 6th sense is a great virtue of some people, mostly inherited through DNA, that can also be acquired by sacrifice, meditation and Yoga. These three attributes are present in our daily life, everyday habits, attitude, action, behavior, response function, likes and dislikes. They are inner determinants of our nature, desire, habit, choice and taste for food, thinking power, subconscious mind, dreams, choice of clothes and music, attitude, sleeping, eating, walking, belief system, and all. They are also present in every object of the universe. Unfortunately, most people in all ages particularly the dictators, inhuman leaders, anti-Nature, egoist, greedy, ignorant, prejudiced and pervert people do not understand that the whole of animal kingdom and plants are inseparably linked with Mother Nature. The basic ingredients of life form come from Nature and ultimately assimilated to Mother Nature, the environment at the end of each life. In Sanskrit, 'Kshiti' (soil/earth), 'Op' (water), 'Tez' (light/fire), 'Marut' (air/ether), 'Byom' (space/sky) constitute all life forms on earth- plants and animals- in different proportions, and directly or indirectly. They are called the five Absolute Cosmic elements (Panchamahabhoota).

The three subtle ingredients of the mind are basically intangible particles and identified by distinct colors. Sattva component looks yellow, Raja is red and Tama is black. A highly active sixth sense can perceive these. Raja has the most active wavelength, Sattva is more tranquil having a longer wavelength, but the Tama has an irregular wavelength. Similar is the proportions of their amplitude.


Do Sattva Raja Tama determine our level of Consciousness?

Yes, they certainly do dictate our level of Consciousness. Different persons have different proportions of Sattva, Rajas, Tamas. Depending on this proportion, the Consciousness level varies from person to person. It is also responsible for our creativity, productivity and competitiveness which help us achieve success. These qualities are the basic components of our Energy Body. These are invisible but true. Even the possessor of these qualities does not know for sure the proportion unless a special effort is made. Except for the Enlightened and great persons, the general people are ignorant about these virtues. If you try to know these in a dedicated way, you will be successful, doubtless. This is the actual reason why each and every person in our surroundings differs substantially with regard to attitude, aristocracy, behavior, discourse, tolerance, sense of proportions, ego, bias, objectivity, purpose, flexibility, food habits, irritability and all. It is the level of Consciousness that guides every individual on how to act, how to react, how to respond, how to reason and how to behave. So, what I claim to be my caliber or quality is ultimately the outcome of the proportion of these Gunas (3 qualities of mind).

Humans too are basically composed of the Absolute Earth and Water elements. As he evolves spiritually, he starts functioning progressively at higher levels like the Absolute Fire, Ether, Space. This is characterized by a sense of radiance emanating from a spiritually evolved person. When this transpires, he needs a lesser amount of basic food and sleep. His ability and power to accomplish various works increase remarkably in terms of both quantitative and qualitative measurements. My Guru has proved before me how he remains in bliss throughout day and night, in the Himalayan climate and in the desert, in India and in America. It is an amazing learning process for me from his experience. It’s a perception.


As correctly remarked by Frederick Douglas: “The soul that is within me, no man can degrade.”


Are personal qualities dictated by Sattva, Raja, Tama?

Surely, we all are different from one another just because of these ingredients. Even in the same family, the attitude and quality of the siblings differ enormously. A couple who have spent 30 years in the same house as a family may not have the same behavior.

Persons with a greater concentration of Sattva Guna have the characteristics of moderate behavior, hardworking, creative, systematic, efficient, romantic, pleasing, eat fewer foods, non-harmful, disciplined, simple, music lover, cooperative, nature lover, happy and self-content.

Persons with a greater concentration of Raja Guna are selfish, clever, energetic, displaying, arrogant, purposive, believer of gain.

Persons with a greater concentration of Tama Guna suffer from anger, ego, harshness, extreme selfishness, cruel, cunning, destructive, negative minded, eat more foods compared to Sattva and Raja people, utility and profit maximizer for personal gain, no place for idealism, logic and nature, only self-maximizer.

You can practice the required combination of Yoga Meditation Pranayama, and maintain some natural hobbies in order to imbibe the Sattva (purity) qualities so that you will be loved by your dear and near ones. It will also give you success and happiness. This is the purpose of our temporary life on this planet. You have acquired the power to challenge destiny and make your family happy. Life is a single chance on this planet, just carry on with good thoughts, good habits, good leisure, good works, good hobby.


Travel photo created by photoangel -

About the author:

Dr. Buddhadeb Ghosh
Dr. Buddhadeb Ghosh
Buddhadeb completed his Ph. D. in Social Science, taught at the two greatest institutes...

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