What is the importance of environment

By : Dr. Buddhadeb Ghosh | : 25 November, 2020
What is the importance of environment

What is the importance of environment

The greatest mystery of Mother Nature is the creation and evolution of a grand environmental system involving the whole gamut of plants and animals, forest, oxygen, rivers, glaciers, lakes, ocean, minerals, soil, Sun, Moon, cloud and all for a grand existence of life system. The task vests upon the humans to maintain this grand creation, or perish.

What Is Environment?

The environment is everything that is around us. It can be living and non-living things. Whether they live on land or water, they are part of the environment. It includes air, water, sunlight, plants and animals and all. The ecosystem including all the plants, animals and birds, reptiles, insects, water bodies, fishes, human beings, microorganisms and many more constitutes the environment.

What Is The Importance Of Environment?

The environment plays the most important role in the healthy living of human beings. It provides oxygen, food, and other needs, and is the only home of human beings. It plays an important role in regulating air and climate. It is the key for the existence of life on earth. We need fresh air, clean water and plants, foods and minerals in our surrounding to have a healthy life and environment provides us with all these elements. Soil is one of the most important components of the environment, it is useful for the growth of plants. From these plants, animals and human beings obtain food materials. From these plants and animals, we obtain clothing requirements like wool, cotton. We also get many medicines from nature which has no side effects. The environment is a free gift of Mother Nature. We must conserve it for the benefit of the life in future.

Not only food but several other natural resources are provided by the environment. Water is most important which is provided by the environment. We get medicines from the environment. Many plants have been used for hundreds of years for medicines. Clothing materials like wool Silk obtained from plants like wood pulp, cotton, jute. Wood from forest or plantations is used for many purposes. Trees during photosynthesis produce oxygen. During the process, it also uses carbon dioxide and reduces its concentrations in the atmosphere. So, the entire process maintains the carbon cycle. Trees also remove pollutants in the air. Plants also moderate temperatures making warm place cooler and providing warmth in cooler places.

What Are The Environmental Problems?

 We alter our environment to suit our needs? Altering the environment can also sometimes seriously damage it. We alter the environment by cutting down forests to make space for cities and farms, hunting animals for luxury and cosmetics, dumping waste from factories, homes and hospitals into water bodies and soil thereby making them suffocate. We unfortunate humans do not care for Nature’s suffocation. We, humans, release smoke and harmful gases from vehicles and factories into the atmosphere. These activities have harmed the atmosphere by polluting air, water and land, irritating soil, warming the atmosphere, and causing the extinction of several kinds of animals and plants.

Pollution & Green House Gases

Pollution by humans is a big environmental problem. The main kinds of environmental pollutions are air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution and noise pollution. Most of the air pollution is created by burning fuels and smoke from the chimneys of factories and power stations. The smoke and harmful gases pollute the air. An excess of pollutants in the air makes it unfit for breathing and results in a number of diseases of the respiratory system. Many people living in areas with heavy air pollution suffer from problems in breathing and lung damage. The burning of fuels increases the level of carbon dioxide in the air. Along with this, some other gases trap heat and this may result in an increase in the temperature of the atmosphere. This effect of heating of the atmosphere is called the greenhouse effect and the gases are called greenhouse gases. The greenhouse effect causes an increase in temperature around the world. This is called global warming. Scientists have detected an increase in temperature of the atmosphere in the past hundred years and predict that it will continue to increase. They have warned that because of global warming, glaciers at the poles and on mountains will start melting, resulting in the rise of sea levels. This will also result in the flooding of coastal areas. Some of the air pollutant gases affect the Ozone Layer. Ozone Layer protects living things from ultraviolet rays, which are harmful rays present in Sunlight. Scientists have detected holes in the Ozone layer which results in ultraviolet rays reaching the earth, causing skin cancer and other problems. Coal is burnt to generate electricity in the thermal power plants. The harmful gases released to mix with hot water vapor in the air to form harmful substances like acids. These acids come down with rainfall and cause damage to the soil, plants, animals, fishes and buildings. Such rain is called acid rain which spoils water. When waste from industries and sewage from homes and hospitals are thrown into rivers, lakes and streams, the contaminated water ultimately percolates down and lifted by humans as drinking water that is already polluted by us. Drinking this water can cause diseases such as dysentery, jaundice or typhoid and many other incurable diseases.

Chemical Waste by Humans

Waste from factories contains poisonous substances which affect and often kill fishes and other animals. We can fall ill when we drink this water or eat fish that is affected by it. Farmers use chemicals to kill weeds and insects; they also use fertilizers to grow more crops. When they use too many chemicals, the soil gets polluted. When it rains, these chemicals get mixed into wells, rivers and lakes and poison the drinking water. We throw solid waste such as plastic bottles, plastic bags, glass bottles, old machine parts, rubber tubes and tires and other hazardous products into ponds, rivers, oceans, forests. This cannot be easily destroyed. Plastics do not rot for many hundreds of years. If plastic is burnt, it gives out poisonous fumes which in turn cause air pollution. Loud noise from vehicles, loudspeakers and machinery can harm people; it can cause high blood pressure and deafness in people and animals. Living near airports can be very harmful to the ears. Even loud music causes noise pollution.

What Is Environmental Awareness?

To define environmental awareness, we must first understand the environmental. Environmental awareness is to understand the fragility of our environment and the importance of its protection. The world is a beautiful place filled with great wonders, immense wildlife, plants, forestry, oceans and most importantly human beings. However, human beings have caused immense damage to Mother Earth. It seems that many of us do not know how to recover the original Nature. So, one of the many ways to recover is to spread environmental awareness. It is a way to promote the well-being of the earth, because the well-being of Mother Nature is at stake. It is a way of explaining how simple things like recycling, reusing can help and also it is a way to communicate to the real world in order to make a difference and fight against environmental abuse. There are different ways to promote environmental awareness. Group learning, informational and inspirational seminars, environmental books are few of the many ways to promote environmental awareness.

What Is the Need to Spread Environmental Awareness

Environmental education creates greater awareness in individuals. So, greater environmental awareness increases the scope of environmental education. Various media can be used to promote environmental awareness among the people. The print media and electronic media are the major mediums of spreading information and educating about environmental concerns. News, talk shows on television, YouTube, radios are to be focused on environmental themes today beginning from Primary School. The need for this awareness is to become aware, acquire knowledge and develop skills, attitudes, abilities to stop abusing the environment we live in. It is also to help people gain a basic understanding of environmental problems. We must have a third understanding of environmental issues and stay up to date. After we are aware, we must spread the words and take up measures to combat the damages already done, and promise not to do further damage. Environmental issues like oil draining, deforestation, waste disposal, plastic pollution, climate change, water pollution, air pollution have been rapidly rising. Environmental education has an effective role in creating awareness. It prepares the individuals to become able to balance between their vital needs and the natural environment that provides both material and spiritual ethical sources for many communities. Environmental education gives training that increases human capability in environment management and in solving environmental crises and challenges.

What Can Be Done?

We have now started taking measures to save our natural resources. But a lot has to be done. The world has already crossed the threshold limit: north and south pole glaciers have started melting and also many mountainous glaciers have already smelted thereby causing the rise of sea level. Scientists have warned about the vulnerability of life in many regions. They have also suggested using wind and Solar Energy instead of coal and petroleum. The use of wind or solar energy does not cause any pollution. Vehicles and factories are being forced to install machines to convert poisonous substances into harmless ones before releasing them into the air or water. The governments in all countries and the people should make sure that these steps are followed strictly. Cutting down trees is to be reduced and more trees are to be planted to conserve soil and wildlife. Trees help to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and release oxygen into the atmosphere. Organizations such as the World Wildlife Fund and the International Union for the conservation of nature and natural resources that is IUCN encourages people to save forests and wildlife. Air pollution can be reduced if people use public transport such as buses, instead of cars. Farmers should be taught to practice safe ways of farming. Greater use of compost should be encouraged. The use of plastic bags, which has become the main cause of land pollution today should be discouraged or banned. Glass bottles, metal cans, plastic bags, plastic items, newspapers and so on now should be reused as far as possible.

Life on Earth has come to a critical point: either respect Mother Nature or perish. Science and technology can not protect humanity from Nature’s Fury.


About the author:

Dr. Buddhadeb Ghosh
Dr. Buddhadeb Ghosh
Buddhadeb completed his Ph. D. in Social Science, taught is two institutes of national...

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